注册 登录
互动中国 返回首页
重要通知:专家博客迁移后问题解决途径,请相互通知! §博客使用帮助!

blog_lidajue的个人空间 http://blog.china.com.cn/?1235815 [收藏] [复制地址] [分享] [订阅]

日志

红花论文摘要(十九) Abstracts on Safflower No.19

已有 1900 次阅读2010-10-16 14:43

红花论文摘要(十九)

(未完待续)

Abstracts on Safflower No.19

Edited by Prof. Li Dajue

Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences

 

1901   Annual report 1988  Publicaction Miscelanea $ Estacion Experimental Agro-Industrial 'Obispo Colombres' de Tucuman (1988) 87: 207 [Es.] 

Results are reported of research on sugarcane breeding; pests and diseases of sugarcane; sugarcane agronomy; citrus crops; potatoes; soyabeans; fodder plants; cereals; tobacco; agrometeorology; pulses; applied genetics (sugarcane, maize and potatoes); diversification in the sugarcane industry (including alcohol production); avocados and safflower.

 

1902  Abo-Shetaia, A.M.A.  Study of the intercropping of safflower with faba bean.  Annals of Agricultural Science (Cairo) (1990) 35 (1) 243-260 [En, 19 ref.]

In field experiments in 1987-89 at Shalakan, Egypt, using 30 and 60 cm row widths safflower cv. Giza 1 was intercropped with faba beans cv. Giza 2 in alternate single rows (1:1), in single rows with double rows of faba beans (1:2), and in alternate double rows (2:2). The 2:2 treatment with 30 cm row width gave max. safflower seed yield of 1.98 t/feddan compared with 1.57 t in pure stands. The 1:2 intercropping treatment with 30 cm rowwidth gave max. faba bean seed yield of 1.60 t, the same as the yield of ands. (1 feddan = 0.42 ha).

 

1903  Burgstaller, H.; Sturm, H.  Observations on pollen and nectar collection by honeybee colonies during the flowering of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) in Lower Austria.   Bienenvater (1990) 111 (6): 239-244 [De, Bj]

Honeybees collected nectar and pollen from safflower, mainly during the morning; at 08.00 h mean population density was 2.5 honeybees/ m2, but at 14.30 h it was only 0.2 bees/ m2/ The amount of pollen collected (from 5-6 species) was much greater, and the percentage of safflower pollen was higher, before 10.00 h than after. Six honey samples had pollen contents; safflower pollen was predominant in only 1 sample (sunflower in 2) but was also important in 4 other samples. Pollen content was also low in nectar in the honey sacs of foragers returning to their hives.

 

1904  Narangalkar, A.L.; Shivpuje, P.R.  Relative toxicity of some important insecticides against safflower aphid.  Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities (1990) 15 (2): 233-234 [En, 3 ref.]

      A laboratory experiment was carried out at 27 plus or minus 2degC to evaluate the efficacy of triazophos, acephate, methidathion, pirimiphos-methyl, quinalphos, butocarboxim and phosphamidon against Uroleucon sonchi, a pest of safflower. Pirimiphos-methyl proved the most toxic and butocarboxim the least toxic against 4th-instar nymphs of the aphid.

 

1905  Mays, D.A.; Buchanan, W.; Bradford, B.N.; Giordano, P. M.  Fuel production potential of several agricultural crops.  Advances in new crops. Proceedings of the first national symposium' New crops; Indian, USA, 1988 (1990) 260-263 [En, 1 ref.]

The potential alcohol production from sweet potatoes, Helianthus tuberosus, sweet sorghum, potatoes, sugarbeet and fodder beet was 5821, 4169, 2196, 1830, 1640 and 1309 litres/ha, resp. The seed, protein and oil yields of sunflowers, Hibiscus esculentus, soybeans, sesame and safflower were assessed in relation to their use as substitutes for diesel fuel. The fuel values of the cellulosic crops Cynodon dactylon, kenaf, maize stalks and Festuca arundinacea were assessed, and gave total energy values of 7625 x 106, 6944 x 106, 4711 x 106 and 4345 x 106 J/ha, resp. 

 

1906  Mannion, P.F.; Neill, A.R.; Brewster, M.  Egg weight responses of laying hens fed different concentrations of vegetable oil and linoleic acid.  Australian Journal of Agricultural Research (1992) 43 (2): 389-397 [E, 17 ref.]

From 30 to 46 (phase 1) and from 54 to 70 weeks old (phase 2), laying hens of small-egg and large-egg strains were fed on diets containing safflower oil or olive oil 0 to 32.6 g/kg. Between phases 1 and 2 a low-fat, low-linoleic acid diet was fed. Diets had no effect on feed intake, liveweight or egg mass output, although there were small differences in egg number. Egg weight increased with increasing safflower oil but not with olive oil. These differences cannot be attributed to dietary energy or to the intake of nutrients other than those associated with the inclusion of vegetable oil. It is concluded that the linoleic acid component of safflower oil is responsible for the observed effects on egg weight. Regression analyses indicated that the egg weight was only significant in the small-egg strain, being linear in phase 1 and curvilinear in phase 2.

 

1907  Gupta, R.K.; Singh, S.P.  Genetic studies in relation to the improvement of oil content and seed yield in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.).  Genetika (Beograd) (1990)  22 (2): 83-90 [En, 12 ref.]

National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow 226001, India. Information on heritability, genetic advance and correlations is derived from data on seed yield, its components and oil content from 45 F1s and F2s from a 10 parent diallel without reciprocals. High heritability and high genetic advance were estimated for primary branches/plant, seed yield, oil content, capitula/plant and 100-seed weight in both generations. Oil content was negatively associated with seed yield and 100-seed weight but positively with maturity traits.

 

1908  Gupta, R.K.; Singh, S.P.  Combining ability in relation to breeding systems in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.).  Genetika (Beograd) (1990)  22 (3): 173-182 [En, 11 ref.] Department of pLant Breeding, National Botanical Research Institute Lucknow 226001, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Information on combining ability is derived from data on 8 yield components in 10 genotypes and their F1s and F2s. The 3 Indian genotypes IC11842, Local and Culture and the Iranian genotype EC33963 were the best combiners for seed yield and oil content. 

 

1909  Pal, M.  Agri-activities in October.  Indian Farming (1991) 41 (6): 37, 39-40.

October is an important month for Indian farmers, as they have to manage the harvesting and threshing of kharif crops and prepare for the sowing of rabi crops. This article reviews the agricultural activities of the month in several states of India with focus on the production of rapeseed and mustard, safflower, linseed, rabi maize, chickpea, rainfed wheat and a local variety oilseed crop. The requirements of each crop are outlined in terms of imputs, time of sowing, irrigation and pest control.

 

1910  Tahir Anwar, M.; Nadeem Amjad; Zafar, A.W.  Development and field performance of a chickpea thresher.  Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (1991) 22 (3): 73-78 [En, 8 ref.] F.M.I., N.A.R.C., Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan. 

A multi-drum thresher for chickpeas consisting of 3 rasp bar cylinders, delivery augers, a rubber flap elevator, and aspirator fan for cleaning, and an oscillating screen was developed. The machine is powered by the tractor p.t.o. and mounted on the tractor 3-point linkage. Trials carried out during the 1988 chickpea harvest showed that the machine had an av. crop intake capacity of 1500 kg/h and a cleaning efficiency of 94%. Grain damage was 8.5% and grain loss 3%. Two men were required to operate the machine. The thresher was also evaluated for other crops like soyabean, sunflower and safflower. The av. grain damage for these crops was 1.5%, 1.1% and 0.5%, resp. The chickpea thresher performance was compared in terms of grain losses and labour requirements with conventional threshing practice using bullocks or tractors followed by manual winnowing. The labour required to thresh one ton of grain using the thresher was 89 and 76% less than that required for bullock and tractor treading resp. followed by manual winnowing. Total grain losses for bullock and tractor threshing methods were 11.9 and 12% resp.

 

1911  Biradar, S.N.; Setty, R.A.  Intercropping of safflower with bengal gram under irrigated conditions.  Current Research - University of Agricultural Sciences (Bangalore) (1991) 20 (6) 101-103 [9 ref.] Department of Agronomy College of Agriculture, Dharwad 580005, Karnataka, India.

In field trials in the rabi (winter) season of 1982, safflower cv. A-1 was grown alone in rows 45, 60 or 75 cm apart or intercropped with Bengal gram (Cicer arietinum) in different spacings and row arrangements. The highest seed yield of safflower was obtained when grown alone in rows 75 cm apart (1.99 t/ha), following by rows 60 cm apart (1.93 t). Of the intercropping treatments the highest seed yield of 1.78 t/ha was obtained with safflower in rows 60 cm apart with 1 row of C. arietinum between the safflower rows. There were no differences in seed oil content between treatments.

 

1912  Zaman, A.; Das, P.K.  Response of safflower to different moisture regimes and nitrogen levels in semi-arid tropics.  Journal of Oilseeds Research (1990) 7 (1): 26-32 [En, 12 ref.] Department of Agronomy, Bidhan chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal, India.

      In field trials in the rabi (winter) seasons of 1983-85 on sandy loam soil at Jhargram, West Bengal, average seed yields of safflower cv. A300 given no irrigation or irrigated at flowering, branching + flowering and branching + flowering + seed development stages were 0.56, 1.00, 1.37 and 1.67 t/ha, respectively. Application of 0, 40, 80 and 120 kg N/ha gave average seed yields of 0.86, 1.09, 1.27 nad 1.38 t/ha, respectively.

 

1913  Nagaraj, G.  Biochemical quality of oilseeds.  Journal of Oilseeds Research (1990) 7 (1): 47-62 [En, 83 ref.] Directorate of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, hyderabad 500030, Andhra Pradesh, India.

This is a review of recent research carried out in India on the quality and chemical composition of oilseed crops including groundnuts, Brassica juncea, rape, sunflowers, safflower, sesame, niger (Guizotia abyssinica), castor (Ricinus communis) and linseed.

 

1914  Sangar, R.B.S.; Rai, M.K.  A mosaic disease of safflower from Satpura region of India.   Farm Science Journal (1988)  3 (2): 185-187 [En, 6 ref.] JNKVV Regional Agriculture Research Station, Chhindwara 480001, Madhya Pradesh, India.

A virus causing mosaic disease of this crop during Nov. 1984 was identified on the basis of serological, biological and physical properties as cucumber mosaic cucumovirus.

 

1915  Zaman, A. and Das, P.K.  Growth and yield performance of safflower under different nitrogen levels in semi-arid tropics.  Annals of Arid Zone (India) (1990) 29 (2): 141-143 [En, tables, 5 ref.] Viswa Vidyalaya, Kalyani, West Bengal, India

A study was conducted in West Bengal, India, to find a suitable N responsive safflower cultivar for irrigated semi-arid conditions. Three cultivars (A 300, 116-4-5 and 340092) were tested at 4 N levels (0, 40, 80 and 120 kg N/ha). At all levels of N cv. A 300 gave the highest seed yield and the maximum seed yield of 2.048 t/ha was obtained with 120 kg N/ha. 

 

1916  Abo Shetaia, A.M.A.  Study on the intercropping of safflower with faba bean.   Annals of Agricultural Science - University of Ain Shams (Egypt)  (1990) 35 (1) 243-260 [En, tables, 19 ref.]

Agronomy Dept., Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, Egypt, Three patterns of intercropping safflower with broad bean, under 2 ridge widths were investigated in Egypt. Most of the yield components of safflower and broad bean increased by intercropping. The average plant height and the average number of branches/plant for safflower at 1:2 intercropping significantly exceeded those of 1:1 and 2:2 intercropping patterns. Whereas, the average number of pods and seeds/plant and average weight of seeds/plant for broad bean at 2:2 intercropping pattern surpassed those of the 1:1 and 1:2 intercropping patterns. However, the highest values of seed and straw yield for safflower and broad bean were obtained under 2:2 intercropping pattern for safflower and 1:2 intercropping pattern for broad bean. Seed and straw yields for safflower and broad bean, were significantly increased by narrowing the ridge width. The land equivalent ratio (LER) was greater than one by intercropping safflower with broad bean at 30 and 60 cm ridge widths and also with different intercropping patterns. The highest LER amounted to 1.38 for intercropping pattern 2:2 with ridge width 30 cm. Safflower was a dominant intercrop component and faba bean was dominated. From author's summary.

 

1917  Abrol, I.P.; Yadav, J.S.P. and Massoud, F.I.  Salt-affected soils and their management.   FAO Soils Bulletin (FAO) 1988 (39): 143. [En, figs, photos, tables bibliography (p. 119-131)  Central Soil Salinity Research Inst., Karnal, Haryana, India.

Large areas of land available for cultivation in the (semi-)arid regions, provided that irrigation could  be made feasible, were evaluated to study the constraints of actual or potential salinity or sodicity. A brief summary of information available for the proper identification, reclamation and management of soil to correct the deleterious conditions and to prevent their recurrence is provided. The origin, classification and distribution of saline and of sodic soils and the management requirements were discussed. Information is presented on salinity problems of the dryland regions; water quality and crop production (including cereals, vegetables, fruits crops) and socio-economic considerations in the reclamation and management of salt-affected soils. 

 

1918  Singh, S.P. (ED.), Vijayalakshmi, K. (ED.), sullivan, P.A. O'(ED.) and Shaw, G. (ED.) Technological advances in dryland agriculture (1970-87).  Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture Hyderabad (India) (1987): 170. [En, tables] Research Project for Dryland Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

      The achievements of the All-India Co-ordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture in the period 1970-1987 are summarized in this report. The report deals with: the problems and the development of dryland technology; water conservation practices; cropping systems and crops adapted to dryland conditions; soil cultivation and planting methods; soil fertility management; integrated pest control; alternative land use systems such as agroforestry, alley cropping, trees, pastures and rangeland; and the transfer of technology to the farmers' field.

 

1919  Zaman, A.  Performance of safflower under limited soil moisture supply in laterite soils of West Bengal.  Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Sciences (1991) 18 (1): 35-38 [En, 4 ref.] Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India

      In field experiments in 2 rabi seasons [Oct.-Feb.] in 1982-83 and 1983-84 mean seed yields of safflower cv. A 300, 116-4-5 and 340092 were 0.75, 0.89, 1.26 and 1.87 t/ha, 0.54, 0.66, 0.79, and 1.01 t and 0.27, 0.33, 0.39 and 0.45 t, with no irrigation, irrigation at branching, branching and flowering, and branching, flowering and seed development, resp.

 

1920  Greco, I.; Alba, E.   Qualitative composition of oil in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars during seed ripening.  [Poster]. Hodowla Roslin, Aklimatyzacja i Nasiennictwo (1988) 32 1-2) 221-225 [En, 2 ref.]

Data are presented on seed oil and protein content and fatty acid composition in cultivars Benno, Guaimaro and Roberto and on their synthesis during ripening (at 4d. intervals from the 14th day after flowering). Oil content was highest in Roberto (48% vs. 43% in the other 2). Roberto also had the highest oleic acid content (70.5%) but the lowest palmitic acid (5.5%) and linoleic acid (21.6%) contents. Benno had the highest palmitic and linoleic acid contents (6.6 and 80.0%, respectively), and the lowest oleic acid content (11.2%). During development in all 3 cultivars oil synthesis began earlier than protein synthesis.

 

1921  Omran, A.  Oil crops: proceedings of the three meetings held at Pantnagar and Hyderabad, India, 4-17 January 1989.  International Development Research Centre (Canada) (1990) No. 252e, 343p.; [En, figs, tables]

The proceedings of the 2nd meeting of the Brassica Subnetwork, the lst meeting of the Other Oilcrops Network and the lst meeting of the Oilcrops Network Steering Committee, held in India in 1989, are presented. The papers deal with: (1) plant breeding, plant diseases and insect pests in rapeseed and mustard; (2) safflower, nigerseed and linseed in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Kenya, safflower in Egypt and linseed in Ethiopia; and (3) the oil crops networks.

 

1922  Gan, F.Y.; Zheng, G.Z.; Wang, S.L.  Effects of phytol and oligosaccharide on cell growth and α-tocopherol production in cell suspension culture of Carthamus tinctorius].     Acta Phytophysiologica Sinica (1990) 16 (4) 361-366 [Ch, en, 11 ref.] Kunming Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming 650204, Yunnan, China.

      The inoculum of cell suspension cultures was obtain from a callus line induced from the hypocotyl of C. tinctorius and successively subcultured over 15 generations in MS medium supplemented with 1 p.p.m. 2,4-D, 0.1 p.p.m. kinetin and 0.1% casamino acid. The addition of phytol increased the α-tocopherol content and higher concn (50-100 p.p.m.) increased cell growth rate. Adding squalene to the medium prevented α- tocopherol from being oxidized and effectively increased its accumulation. Elicitors containing oligosaccharides promoted both cell growth rate and α-tocopherol production, of which oligosaccharide F11 was the most effective. The liquid medium supplemented with 15 p.p.m. oligosaccharide F11, 75 p.p.m. phytol and 100 p.p.m., squalene increased cell growth rate by 23.81%, and α-tocopherol content and yield by 2.8 and 3.6-fold, resp.

 

1923  Singh, S.K.; Kamath, M.B.  Influence of different techniques of P application on yield and fertilizer P absorption by safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.).  Indian Journal of Plant Physiology (1990) 33 (3) 204-209 [En, 8 ref.] Division of Soil Science, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India

In 1982-84, safflower was given 30 kg P2O5 /ha as 32P-labelled single superphosphate (SSP) or SSP blended with biogas slurry. P in both forms was broadcast and incorporated before sowing or placed in bands 3-4 cm below the seed. SSP was also applied in 2 equal split dressings in bands below the seed and in furrows (10-12 cm deep) on both sides of the row 25 d after sowing (DAS). P gave 2-year av. seed yields of 1.28-1.57 t/ha and P uptake of 14.26-17.65 kg/ha, compared with 1.17 t and 12.22 kg, resp., without P. Split application of SSP was the most effective in terms of yield, P uptake, percentage of P derived from fertilizer and P utilization. P in both forms applied in bands was superior to broadcast application in terms of the above parameters. There was n.s.d. between the 2 P forms. With split application crops utilized significantly more P from SSP placed in the bands than from SSP applied to the furrows 25 DAS.

 

1924  Pandey, N.; Sharma, C.P.  Zinc deficiency effect on photosynthesis and transpiration in safflower and its reversal on making up the deficiency.  Indian Journal of Experimental Biology (1989) 27 (4) 376-377 [En, 13 ref.] Botany Department, Lucknow University, Lucknow 226007, Uttar Pradesh, India. 

Safflower grown in refined sand with an insufficient supply of Zn (0.00065 mg Zn/litre) developed visible deficiency symptoms and showed a decrease in carbonic anhydrase [carbonate dehydratase] activity, Hill activity, stomatal conductance, photosynthesis and transpiration. When Zn supply was raise to a sufficient level (0.065 mg Zn/litre) and maintained for 1 week, chlorophyll concn, carbonate dehydratase activity and stomatal conductance returned to near normal levels, but recovery of transpiration, Hill activity and photosynthesis was marginal. It was suggested that continued Zn deficiency resulted in a partially irreversible loss of chloroplast photochemical activity.

 

1925  Chatterjee, B.N.; Sen, H.  Yield performance and moisture extraction pattern of winter crops under rainfed condition in the Gangetic Plains of West Bengal.  Journal of Soil and Water Conservation in India (1977) 27 (1/4) 101-106 [En, 3 ref.] B.C. Krishi Visbwa Vidyalaya, Kalyani 741 235, West Bengal, India.

In rain-fed trials in 1974-6 with several crops grown on sandy loam soil in West Bengal, safflower cv. Nag 7, linseed [oilseed flax], gram [chickpea] cv. B 108, pea cv. B 22, lentil cv. B 77 and barley cv. K 125 gave highest seed/grain yields of 1, 0.8, 2.1, 1.3, 1.1 and 1.9 t/ha, resp. The moisture extraction from deeper soil layers by gram, pea and safflower was higher than by other crops. Barley consumed moisture from the upper soil layer. The water-use efficiency was highest in barley (31 kg grain/mm), followed by gram (16.6 kg) and pea (10 kg). The establishment of crops with min. tillage, straw mulch and weeding gave yields similar to those obtained withstandard tillage.

 

1926  Naik, R.L.  Relative aphid tolerance in certain promising safflower varieties grown under irrigation.  Current Research Reporter, Mahatma Phule Agricultural University (1987) 3 (2): 112 [En, 5 ref.] Dep. Agric. Entomology, Coll. Agric., Pune 411005, India 

In rabi 1983, 17 varieties of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) were screened for aphid (Uroleucon compositae) resistance under irrigated conditions along with the standard, N62-8. Sowing was delayed to ensure heavy aphid incidence. Aphid counts showed that none of the varieties was resistant to attack. The aphid population ranged from 69.2 to 149.7 per plant, with WA300 and HUS1132 giving the lowest and highest populations, respectively. Tara had 81.8 aphids/plant which was similar to the standard. The infestation by capsule fly (Acanthiophilus helianthi) was low and varietal differences were non-significant.

 

 

1929  White, I.M.; Marquardt, K.  A revision of the genus Chaetorellia Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae) including a new species associated with spotted knapweed, Centaurea maculosa Lam. (Asteraceae).  Bulletin of Entomological Research (1989) 79 (3) 453-487 [En, 77  Ref.]

 

1930  Zarka, A.M.El.   Occurrence of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) diseases  in Egypt.   Proceedings of First International Safflower Conference. (1981): 49-51. Institute of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Center, Giza , Egypt.

      Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) is grown in Egypt as a winter crop and has been cultivated for over 3,500 years for the extracted dye from flowers and the oil in the seed. It is grown on a small scale in scattered areas in Upper Egypt and in the New Lands area at Nubaria. Field surveys were undertaken during the last three growing seasons from seedling stage to maturity. From field surveys in Egypt several diseases which prefer to make safflower their home were recorded. Disease of safflower, like those of other crops, vary in severity from year to year and from one locality or field to another, depending on environment, causal organism(s) and host resistance. Egypt has no records yet of root and stem rot incited by Phytophthora drechsleri Tucker, but does have problems from rust (Puccinia carthami Cda.). Foliar spotting attributed to Alternaria spp., root rot caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn are also present. Rust in all pricipal areas of safflower production was most severe in all years and showed two pathological phases, a seedling phase and foliar phase. Leaf spotting was considered severe, and the other recorded diseases were of minor importance during the surveyed years. In addition to these diseases. safflower was subject to infection with Orobanche spp. (broomrape), which caused serious damage to individual plants particularly in New Lands near Nubaria. 

 

1931  Zaruma H., L.A.    Adaptation trial with 7 safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars in the Catamayo Valley.  Tesis Ingenieria Agronomica, Loja, Ecuador. (1971) 74pp. [Es] Facultad de Agronomia y Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Loja.

In a trial at Guayabal, safflower cv. (a) Leed, (b) Dart, (c) US-10 , (d) UC-1, (e) Gila and (f) Rio were grown in rows 0.5 m apart with 0.4 m between plants. Dry seed yields were (a) 7.89, (b) 5.73, (c) 5.45, (f) 5.24, 5.04 and (e) 4.61 t/ha. Seed oil contents were (b) 35.9% (f) 35.3, (e)34.1, (a) 32.3, (c) 29.7 and (d) 29.5%.

 

1932   Zayed, M.A.; Yehia, A.H.; El-Sebaey, M.A.; Gowily, A.M.  Studies on the host-parasite relationship of safflower root-rot disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht.  Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology (1980) 12 (1/2) 63-70 [En, ar, 15 ref., 3 tab.]  Zagazig Univ., Egypt.

Root exudates of Giza 1 and Mahaly 1 safflower decreased the growth of F. oxysporum. Those of Mahaly 1 had higher amino acid and sugar contents than Giza 1. The contents of exudates of infected seedlings differed considerably from those of healthy ones. F. oxysporum secretions affected seedling growth.

 

1933  Zayed, M.A.; Yehia, A.H.; El-Sabaey, M.A.; Gowily, A.M.   Studies on safflower root-rot disease in Egypt.  Agricultural Research Review (1980) 58 (2) 91-103 [En, ar, 16 ref.] Fac. Agric., Zagazig Univ., Egypt.

Giza 1 was the most resistant of six cultivars to Fusarium oxysporum, the major causal organism of safflower root rot.

 

1934 Zayed, M.A.; Yehia, A.H.; El-Sabaey, M.A.; Gowily, A.M.   Studies on safflower root-rot disease in Egypt.  Agricultural Research Review (1980) 58 (2) 91-104 [En, ar, 16 ref., 1 fig., 6 tab.] Zagazig Univ., Egypt.

In tests with 6 cultivars against Fusarium oxysporum. F. solani. Phytophthora sp. and Pythium sp., F. oxysporum caused most root rot. Mahally 1 was most and Giza 1 least susceptible to F. oxysporum. Tolerance was related to soil type. Pre-emergence damping off was high in calcareous soil, while root rot was more severe in sandy soil. NPK fertilization produced least root rot in both soils. Benlate [benomyl] proved the best fungicide for controlling F. oxysporum.

 

1936  Zazzerini, A,; Buonaurio, R.  Diseases of safflower: leaf spot due to Alternaria spp. Informatore Fitopatologico (1981) 31 (11) 7-10 [It, en, 5 ref., 4 fig.] Istituto di Patologia Vegetale, Univ. Perugia, Italy.

A. carthami and A. alternata, both mainly infecting leaves, were newly recorded on safflower in Italy. Attacks are favoured by seed infection and by rainfall during plant growth. The fungi are described.

 

1937   Zazzerini, A.; Cappelli, C.  Safflower diseases in Italy: rust (Puccinia carthami Cda). Informatore Fitopatologico (1981) 31 (3) 11-16 [It, en, 24 ref., 6 fig.] Istituto di Patologia Vegetale. Univ. Perugia, Italy.

Severe rust attacks are reported. Of 6 cvs. Safflola 202 appeared the most resistant. Possible ways of introduction and spread of the fungus in the area surveyed are discussed.

 

1938  Urie, A.L.;  L.N. Leininger, and D.E. Zimmer   Effects of Degree and Time of Defoliation on Yield and Related Attributes of Safflower.  Crop Science,  (1968) 8 (6) 747-750  Crops Research Division, ARS, USDA, Logan, Utah 84321 USA.

From 1960-1962 four agronomically diverse safflower entries were grown in replicated field plots at Logan, Utah. These entries were partially or totally hand defoliated at seven stages of growth. Removal of all leaves - when averaged over dates, entries, and years - reduced yield by 23.0%, weight per 100 seeds by 7.7%, test weight by 2.6%, hull percentage by 6.0% and increased oil by 6.9% in relation to the check plot. The increase in oil percentage was negatively correlated with the decrease in hull percentage (r= -0.86). Removal of leaves from the top half of the plant had a similar but slighter effect. Removal of branches from the bottom half of the plant reduced yield at the later stages of plant development. Removal of leaves from the bottom half of the plant regardless of growth stage did not affect the attributes measured. There was a differential response of safflower entries to the severe defoliation treatments (removal of all leaves or removal of leaves from the top half of the plant).

 

1990  Bajaj, Y.P.S. (Editor)   Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry 15. Medicinal and aromatic plants III.  Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry 15. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants III. (1991) 502 pp.

      This book deals with the distribution, economic importance and in vitro production of medicinal, pharmaceutical and aromatic compounds in Atropa belladonna, Ageratina adenophora, Ailanthus altissima, Aconitum, Apium graveolens, Alone barvadensis, Akebia quinata, Bidens, Carthamus tinctorius, Carum carvi, Chamomilla recutita, Citrus, Cymbopogon, Dysosma pleiantha, Euphorbia, Fritilillaria, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Lavandula, Nigella, Pelargonium, Perilla frutescens, Podophyllum, Rosa, Scutellaria baicalensis, Securinega suffruticosa, Solanum elaeagnifolium, Swertia, Symphytum officinale and Syringa vulgaris. The 29 clearly structured chapters begin with a brief general account of the species considered, review studies of in vitro culture for micropropagation, breeding of the potential role of biotechnology for industrial production. Experimental protocols are given for some species. Many photographs, informative tables and figures are included.

 

1992  Raina, R.; Deodhar, A.D.  Absorption of milk fat from cows fed on protected safflower oil.  Indian Journal of Dairy Science (1990) 43 (2) 194-199 [En, 22 ref.]

Milk fat rich in C18:2 fatty acid was obtained from Brown Swiss X Sahiwal crossbred cows given protected safflower oil as described previously (Indian Journal of Dairy Science (1983) 36, 262). Total absorption of fatty acids (FA) was studied in young male Wistar rats given diets based on (i) normal milk fat, (ii) milk fat from cows given protected safflower oil or (iv) safflower oil as fat source. Total FA absorption was higher (P 0.01) in group (iii) than in (i) or (ii) rats (93.4 vs. 82.9 and 76.65 resp. in young, and 94.7 vs. 90.0 and 77.9 in adult rats) and similar to that of group (iv) rats. Intestinal absorption of FA showed a similar trend and reached max. levels 60 min after forces-feeding of the various fats to fasted male albino rats. Higher levels of triglycerides, total lipids  and free fatty acids occurred in the intestinal mucosal cells of rats that received linoleic acid-rich fat rather than normal milk fat.

 

1993  Rees, N.E.; Story, J.M.   Host plant testing of Urophora quadrifasciata (Diptera: Tephritidae) against Carthamus tinctorius and two North American species of Centaurea.   Entomophaga (1991) 36 (1) 115-119 [En, 27 ref.]

The host specificity of U. quadrifasciata, an introduced biological control agent of diffuse and spotted knapweed (Centaurea diffusa and C. maculosa, resp.), was studied by exposing flies to safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) and 2 native knapweeds, Centaurea americana and C. rothrockii, in the greenhouse and in the field in western Montana. Although buds of all sizes of the 3 test plants were available when the flies were active, there was no evidence of any damage, confirming that these plants are not at risk from U. quadrifasciata.

 

1994  Topvoldiev, T.; Vereshchagin, A.G.  Plant genetype effect in the fatty acid composition of resere lipids.   Biology Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1989, publ. 1990) 16 (5) 449-454 [En, 29 ref.]

      In an examination of the effects of genotype on the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in sunflower, soyabean, groundnut, linseed, safflower and cruciferous oil crops, particular attention is paid to the principles of selecting for oil quality (increase in some fatty acids and reduction in others). For example, a scheme for selecting for reduced linolenic acid content in soybean is outlined.

 

1995  Steele, W.J.; Ritenour, G.L.  Effects of low rate applications of DP-M6316 and DPX-R9674 on various vegetable crops.  Proceedings of the Western Society of Weed Science. (1989) 42 (260-264 [En]

The phytotoxicities of DP-M6316 (thifensulfuron ) and DFX-R9674 (thifensulfuron + tribenuron) at up to 0.5 oz/acre post-em. on 10 horticultural crops are assessed in field trials by evaluations made 9 and 28 days after application. Sugarbeet, broccoli, cantaloupes, cotton and tomatoes showed unacceptable crop injury at the lowest rates with both compounds. There was slight tolerance by lettuce for 0.0156 oz DPX-M6316 and by Phaseolus lunatus and Vigna unguiculata for 0.0156 oz DPX-R9674 with 15% crop in ininjury in each case. Safflower tolerated both herbicides at 0.0652 oz and maize showed no injury to either compound at 0.25 oz.

 

1996  Borkar, S.G.; Shinde, R.  Detection of externally seed-borne Alternaria carthami on safflower seeds.  Agricultural Science Digest (Karnal) (1989) 9 (3) 120-122 [En, 3 ref.] 

Seed samples of 32 safflower cultivars revealed the presence of A. carthami on 48-100% of seeds depending upon the intensity of infection during the seed setting period and on the susceptibility/resistance of the cultivar to A. carthami. Discoloration of seeds due to A. carthami varied from 16 to 100%. Of apparently healthy seeds, 84% also carried various intensities of conidial population.

 

1997  Thorsness, K.B.; Messersmith, C.G.  Clopyralid influences rotational crops.  Weed Technology (1991) 5 (1) 159-164 [En, 6 ref.]

       Field trials were conducted at Fargo in 1984-85, and at Langdon and Prosper in 1987-88 to determine soil carryover of clopyralid, applied at 70-560 g/ha, as indicated by the response of crops planted 1 year after application. The growth of flax (Linum usitatissimum) cv. Culbert 79, potatoes cv. Norchip and safflowers cv. Hartman at Fargo were not affected by clopyralid residues. However, soybean cv. McCall height, stand and yield were reduced by residues from 560 g clopyralid, and sunflower cv. Seed Tech 315 heads/ha and yield were reduced by residues from clopyralid at 280-560 g and 560 g, resp., at this site. Potatoes cv. Norchip and sunflowers cv. Cargill 207 at Langdon and prosper, and lentils (Lens culinaris) cv. Chilean at Langdon, were not affected by clopyralid residues. The yield of soybeans cv. McCall at Prosper was not affected by clopyralid residues, but plant height was reduced by residues from clopyralid, applied at labelled cropland rates of 280 g or less, in sility clay, clay loam and sility caly loam soils in North Dakota will probably not adversely affect the dicotyledonous crops tested in these trials if they are planted 11 months or more after application.

 

1998  Borkar, S.G.; Sawant, A.R. Shinde, R.  Evaluation of safflower cultivars for resistance to Alternaria leaf spot under maximum disease threshold condition.  Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology (1988, publ. 1989) 18 (2) 174-175 [En]

In field trials during the Kharif season 1985 and 1986 with 32 cultivars exposed to natural infection by A. carthami, 4 showed good survival (70-100%), resistance and yield (60-100%), No significant correlation was found between seedborne infection and degree of resistance.

 

2000  Reeti Singh; Khare, M.N.; Vyas, S.C.  Safflower rusts in India.  Indian Phytopathology (1988) 41 (4) 630-631 [En, 7 ref.]

Symptoms of diseases of safflower caused by Puccinia calcitrapae var. centaureae and P. verruca in India are described.

 

To be continued)

 

 

评论 (0 个评论)

和平论坛|专家博客|帮助|中国网互动中心 ( 京ICP证040089号 网络传播视听节目许可证号:0105123 邮编:100089 | 传真:010-88828190 )  

GMT+8, 2014-9-1 15:28

返回顶部